Fire Risk Assessment
FIRE RISK ASSESSMENTS (TYPE 1 TO TYPE 4)
Type 1 – Common parts only (non-destructive)
A Type 1 fire risk assessment is the basic fire risk assessment required for the purpose of satisfying the Fire Safety Order (FSO).
The inspection of the building is non-destructive. But, as well as considering the arrangements for means of escape and so forth, the fire risk assessment includes an examination of at least a sample of flat entrance doors. It also considers, so far as reasonably practicable, the separating construction between the flats and the common parts without any opening up of construction. However, in this type of fire risk assessment, entry to flats beyond the area of the flat entrance door is not involved.
a Type 1 inspection will normally be sufficient for most blocks of purpose-built flats. Where doubt exists in relation to these matters, the action plan of a Type 1 fire risk assessment may recommend that one of the other types of fire risk assessment.
Type 2 – Common parts only (destructive)
A Type 2 fire risk assessment is usually a one-off exercise, which is carried out only if there is good reason to suspect serious structural deficiencies that could lead to spread of fire beyond the flat of fire origin. The age of the block alone is not generally
sufficient to warrant a Type 2 inspection. The need for a Type 2 fire risk assessment may sometimes be identified in a Type 1 fire risk assessment, but should not simply be recommended as a matter of course.
Type 3 – Common parts and flats (non-destructive)
Type 4 – Common parts and flats (destructive)
A Type 4 fire risk assessment has the same scope of work as a Type 3 fire risk
assessment, except that there is a degree of destructive inspection, in both the common parts and the flats, carried out on a sampling basis. This will usually necessitate the presence of a contractor for the purpose of opening up construction and making good after the inspection. However, the nature of the work is such that, often, destructive inspection within flats can only be carried out in those that are vacant.
FIRE COMPARTMENTATION SURVEYS
Our expert’s fire consultants undertake fire compartmentation surveys which is presented in a factual, photographic evidence-based report format. The report normally highlights any missing or defective fire stopping which may not have been undertaken to a tested detail.
FIRE DOOR SURVEYS
FIRE ALARM DESIGN ADVICE
We are able to inspect fire alarm installations (BS5839:2019) and offer fire risk-based design advice to mitigate risks, for example, where a building has been converted and the fire strategy has been compromised.
INVASIVE CLADDING INSPECTIONS
Frequently Asked Questions
What Is a Fire Safety Consultancy?
What is the importance of Fire Risk Assessment?
A technical inspection of your building, the people who use them, from a fire safety perspective. It’s about understanding the potential risks, then improving your fire safety precautions to keep people safe.
Why do it?
Did you know?
Who should do my Fire Risk Assessment?
What Is a Fire Risk Assessment?
Fire risk assessments are required under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
This could be applicable when you are applying for a property license in the private sector via the local council or if you own a building that has a common part / communal area.
Under the order you must:
- carry out a fire-risk assessment identifying any possible dangers and risks
- consider who may be especially at risk
- get rid of or reduce the risk from fire as far as is reasonably possible and provide general fire precautions to deal with any possible risk left
- take other measures to make sure there is protection if flammable or explosive materials are used or stored
- create a plan to deal with any emergency and, in most cases, keep a record of your findings
- review your findings when necessary